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Maladaptive Daydreaming vs Mind wandering – How To Tell the Difference [Video]

Maladaptive Daydreaming vs Mind wandering – How To Tell the Difference

Maladaptive daydreaming is a psychological construct that explains a behavior but it is not an official disorder. There is not a lot that’s known about it, but it’s being researched more so we can better understand the prevalence, the characteristics of it and then how to treat it.

Everyone daydreams to some extent. This is when you think about something that is unrelated to what you’re involved in. This is different from nocturnal dreams when you are asleep and don’t have conscious control over your thoughts.

Daydreaming is a product of the default mode network which I’ve spoken about before. This is network of brain regions that are engaged in mental activity that runs in the background. This network is suppressed when you are purposely thinking about something. But when you let your mind wander from a task or intentional thought, the default mode network takes over.

The usual mind wandering is unintentional and spontaneous. You can slip into it when you’re inactive. But you can also engage in purposeful thinking about something you chose like imaging your next vacation or picturing yourself getting a job promotion. But normally this level of fantasizing doesn’t interfere with your normal activities or cause distress.

Maladaptive daydreaming is a state of deliberate mind wandering on steroids. The fantasies are intentionally generated and are usually complex narratives with multiple characters and multiple storylines. You can become absorbed in them for hours. Unlike a dissociative state where you may not be able to distinguish reality from fantasy, with maladaptive dreaming you are fully aware that you are absorbed in your inner world. Your thoughts keep you occupied, but you don’t get so lost in them that you lose touch with reality.

To maintain focus on the fantasies, people will use gestures like rocking or humming to keep themselves on track with the thoughts. You may even find yourself mouthing the words of the story or whispering to yourself. There’s a compulsive nature to it which has made some consider on the addictive spectrum. It’s like you have to escape into your world and play out your fantasies. Some people can go stretches of time without the dreaming, but then be triggered by a song or a situation that prompts them to escape into the dreaming.

This kind of daydreaming interferes with your social and work functioning because of the time you spend doing it and the need to be isolated. It can also cause a lot of distress when you feel like you don’t have control over the urge to dream or the amount of time you spend doing it.

We don’t have a set treatment protocol. One thing that may help is recognizing triggers and minimizing or eliminating them. Given the compulsive nature of it, exposure therapy may prove helpful. This is a behavior therapy that involves exposing you to a trigger for your dreaming and then helping you respond to the trigger differently without dreaming.

If you have another disorder like depression or anxiety, it may be that improving the symptoms associated with one of these disorders, has the trickle down effect of reducing your dreaming.

Marcusson-Clavertz D, West M, Kjell ONE, Somer E. A daily diary study on maladaptive daydreaming, mind wandering, and sleep disturbances: Examining within-person and between-persons relations. PLoS One. 2019;14(11):e0225529. Published 2019 Nov 27. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0225529

Soffer-Dudek N, Somer E. Trapped in a Daydream: Daily Elevations in Maladaptive Daydreaming Are Associated With Daily Psychopathological Symptoms. Front Psychiatry. 2018;9:194. Published 2018 May 15. doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00194

Want to know more about mental health and self-improvement? On this channel I discuss topics such as bipolar disorder, major depression, anxiety disorders, attention deficit disorder (ADHD), relationships and personal development/self-improvement. I upload weekly. If you don’t want to miss a video, click here to subscribe. https://goo.gl/DFfT33

Disclaimer: All of the information on this channel is for educational purposes and not intended to be specific/personal medical advice from me to you. Watching the videos or getting answers to comments/question, does not establish a doctor-patient relationship. If you have your own doctor, perhaps these videos can help prepare you for your discussion with your doctor.

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Better Sleep

Guitar Sleep Music 🎵 Black Screen [Video]

Guitar music to help you to sleep, I put a black screen so you can sleep in the dark. Steps to sleep better when listening:- Close your eyes and think in darkness- Take deep breaths- Tighten all the muscles of your body, your face, your chest, your arms and hands, your legs, your feet, keep it up for 30 seconds- Then, relax all your muscles- Think you are in a dark room, imagine you are in a hammock- Sleep all night, enjoy it!Guitar Sleep Music, Black Screen, relaxing music, study music, baby sleeping music, relaxation, sleep music, stress relief music, relaxing and beautiful instrumental music.Original music:Windswept by Kevin MacLeodLink: https://incompetech.filmmusic.io/song/4629-windsweptLicense: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/Relax Baby DEEP SLEEP. Please subscribe: https://goo.gl/2li9PQ. Follow us for more tips on relaxation and sleeping:Website: https://relaxbabydeepsleep.wixsite.com/sleepFacebook: https://bit.ly/31oqmkSTwitter: https://twitter.com/RelaxBabyDEEPS1

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Better Sleep

When the VA thought I might have sleep apnea, they arranged for me to have a home sleep study test. They sent me this kit from WatchPAT. It was the easiest, most simple device I've used in a very long time. This video first tells you how I used the machine, then I have included screenshots from the WatchPAT APP showing the step-by-step process to use this device. It was not uncomfortable to wear at all, and the next morning it quickly uploaded the data to their server and I guess VA had the completed report in 2 days, since they called me to set up a follow up appointment - which will be in October, but that' ok by me.The music in this video I purchased a license from POND5:Riding My Motorcycle by WAVEBRIGADE

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Better Sleep

In this video, I go over the difference between the negative symptoms of schizophrenia and depression with psychosis. I also define negative vs. positive symptoms. Eugen Bleuler expanded our understanding of schizophrenia by introducing the 4 As: Alogia, Autism, Affective blunting and Ambivalence. These 4 As are now called negative symptoms of schizophrenia. Positive symptoms refer to delusions, hallucinations and disorganized thinking or behavior. WANT TO START IN THERAPY? Heres a convenient and affordable option https://Betterhelp.com/drmarks For a monthly fee, you get a REAL licensed therapist with whom you can meet weekly by phone, video or chat. You can also send daily messages. For a full review of the service, watch this video https://youtu.be/kDs9HxGnyxw If you use this link you will get a 10% discount on your first month. https://betterhelp.com/drmarks This is an option I've researched. I get a referral commission if you sign up. References Cerveri G, Gesi C, Mencacci C. Pharmacological treatment of negative symptoms in schizophrenia: update and proposal of a clinical algorithm. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2019;15:1525-1535 Krynicki, C. R., Upthegrove, R., Deakin, J., & Barnes, T. (2018). The relationship between negative symptoms and depression in schizophrenia: a systematic review. Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica, 137(5), 380390. Arantes-Gonalves, F., Gama Marques, J., & Telles-Correia, D. (2018). Bleuler's Psychopathological Perspective on Schizophrenia Delusions: Towards New Tools in Psychotherapy Treatment. Frontiers in psychiatry, 9, 306. Want to know more about mental health and self-improvement? On this channel I discuss topics such as bipolar disorder, major depression, anxiety disorders, attention deficit disorder (ADHD), relationships and personal development/self-improvement. I upload weekly. If you dont want to miss a video, click here to subscribe. https://goo.gl/DFfT33 Disclaimer: All of the information on this channel is for educational purposes and not intended to be specific/personal medical advice from me to you. Watching the videos or getting answers to comments/question, does not establish a doctor-patient relationship. If you have your own doctor, perhaps these videos can help prepare you for your discussion with your doctor.